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Biocompatability of carbon nanotubes with stem cells to treat CNS injuries

Authors
 Kiran Kumar Bokara ; Jong Youl Kim ; Jong Eun Lee ; Tom J Webster ; Kyungeun Yun ; Young Il Lee 
Citation
 Anatomy and Cell Biology, Vol.46(2) : 85~92, 2013 
Journal Title
 Anatomy and Cell Biology 
ISSN
 2093-3665 
Issue Date
2013
Abstract
Cases reporting traumatic injuries to the brain and spinal cord are extended range of disorders that affect a large percentage of the world's population. But, there are only few effective treatments available for central nervous system (CNS) injuries because the CNS is refractory to axonal regeneration and relatively inaccessible to many pharmacological treatments. The use of stem cell therapy in regenerative medicine has been extensively examined to replace lost cells during CNS injuries. But, given the complexity of CNS injuries oxidative stress, toxic byproducts, which prevails in the microenvironment during the diseased condition, may limit the survival of the transplanted stem cells affecting tissue regeneration and even longevity. Carbon nanotubes (CNT) are a new class of nanomaterials, which have been shown to be promising in different areas of nanomedicine for the prevention, diagnosis and therapy of certain diseases, including CNS diseases. In particular, the use of CNTs as substrates/scaffolds for supporting the stem cell differentiation has been an area of active research. Single-walled and multi-walled CNT's have been increasingly used as scaffolds for neuronal growth and more recently for neural stem cell growth and differentiation. This review summarizes recent research on the application of CNT-based materials to direct the differentiation of progenitor and stem cells toward specific neurons and to enhance axon regeneration and synaptogenesis for the effective treatment of CNS injuries. Nonetheless, accumulating data support the use of CNTs as a biocompatible and permissive substrate/scaffold for neural cells and such application holds great potential in neurological research.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/87539
DOI
10.5115/acb.2013.46.2.85
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Anatomy
Yonsei Authors
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