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Diastolic dysfunction is associated with an increased risk of contrast-induced nephropathy: a retrospective cohort study

Authors
 강신욱 ; 구향모 ; 김범석 ; 김찬호 ; 도화미 ; 오형중 ; 유태현 ; 이미정 ; 최규헌 ; 한승혁 
Citation
 BMC Nephrology, Vol.14 : 146, 2013 
Journal Title
 BMC Nephrology 
ISSN
 1471-2369 
Issue Date
2013
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is the third leading cause of hospital-acquired acute kidney injury, and it is associated with poor long-term clinical outcomes. Although systolic heart failure is a well-known risk factor for CIN, no studies have yet evaluated the association between diastolic dysfunction and CIN. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 735 patients who underwent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and had an echocardiography performed within one month of the procedure at our institute, between January 2009 and December 2010. CIN was defined as an increase of ≥ 0.5 mg/dL or ≥ 25% in serum creatinine level during the 72 hours following PTCA. RESULTS: CIN occurred in 64 patients (8.7%). Patients with CIN were older, had more comorbidities, and had an intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) placed more frequently during PTCA than patients without CIN. They showed greater high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels and lower estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR). Echocardiographic findings revealed lower ejection fraction and higher left atrial volume index and E/E' in the CIN group compared with non-CIN group. When patients were classified into 3 groups according to the E/E' values of 8 and 15, CIN occurred in 42 (21.6%) patients in the highest tertile compared with 20 (4.0%) in the middle and 2 (4.3%) in the lowest tertile (p < 0.001). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, E/E' > 15 was identified as an independent risk factor for the development of CIN after adjustment for age, diabetes, dose of contrast media, IABP use, eGFR, hs-CRP, and echocardiographic parameters [odds ratio (OR) 2.579, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.082-5.964, p = 0.035]. In addition, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of E/E' was 0.751 (95% CI 0.684-0.819, p < 0.001), which was comparable to that of ejection fraction and left atrial volume index (0.739 and 0.656, respectively, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that, among echocardiographic variables, E/E' was an independent predictor of CIN. This in turn suggests that diastolic dysfunction may be a useful parameter in CIN risk stratification.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/87498
DOI
10.1186/1471-2369-14-146
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Internal Medicine
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