Modified Mandibulotomy Technique to Reduce Postoperative Complications: 5-Year Results
Hye-Young Na ; Eun-Joo Choi ; Woong Nam ; In-Ho Cha ; Hyung Jun Kim ; Eun-Chang Choi
Yonsei Medical Journal, Vol.54(5) : 1248~1252, 2013
Yonsei Medical Journal
To review the 5-year outcomes of our modified mandibulotomy technique. Retrospective review of a tertiary level oral cancer center.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
During a 5-year period, 30 patients who had a uniform surgical technique consisting of a lower lip-splitting, modified stair-step osteotomy with thin saw blade and osteotome after plate-precontouring and combination fixation with monocortical osteosynthesis (miniplate) and bicortical osteosynthesis (maxiplate and bicortical screws), with at least 14 months postoperative follow-up, were selected and reviewed retrospectively.
There were 8 women and 22 men with an average age of 56.5 years. All the patients involved malignancies were squamous cell carcinoma. The main primary sites of the those who underwent a mandibulotomy were the tonsil, the base of tongue, the oral tongue, the retromolar pad area, and others. Others included buccal cheek, floor of mouth, and soft palate. 23 patients received postoperative radiation therapy, and among whom 8 patients also received chemotherapy. Total four (13%) mandibulotomy-related complications occurred, only two (6.7%) requiring additional operation under general anesthesia.
Our modified mandibulotomy meets the criteria for an ideal mandibulotomy technique relatively well because it requires no intermaxillary fixation, can precise preserve the occlusion in a precise way, allows early function, requires no secondary procedures, and has few complications.