Is Uterine Artery Embolization for Patients with Large Myomas Safe and Effective? A Retrospective Comparative Study in 323 Patients
Hye Jeong Choi ; Gyeong Sik Jeon ; Jung Hyun Yoon ; Jong Tae Lee ; Man Deuk Kim
Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Vol.24(6) : 772~778, 2013
Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
To evaluate the effectiveness, safety, and complications of uterine artery embolization (UAE) in women with large fibroid tumors.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
From January 2005 to February 2011, 323 patients underwent UAE for symptomatic uterine leiomyomas without adenomyosis and were included in this study. Patients were divided into two groups: those with a large tumor burden (group 1; n = 63), defined as a dominant tumor with a longest axis of at least 10 cm or a uterine volume of at least 700 cm(3); and the control group (group 2; n = 260). Tumor infarction and volume reduction were calculated based on magnetic resonance imaging findings. Symptom status was assessed with a visual analog scale. Postprocedure complications and repeat interventions were recorded. The data were analyzed with appropriate statistical tests.
No significant differences were seen between the two groups in volume reduction of dominant tumors (46.5% in group 1 vs 52.0% in group 2; P = .082) or percentage volume reduction of the uterus (40.7% in group 1 vs 36.3% in group 2; P = .114). Also, no significant differences were seen between the two groups regarding satisfaction scores at immediate or midterm follow-up (P = .524 and P = .497) or in the presence of procedure-related complications (P = .193).
UAE outcomes in large fibroid tumors were comparable to those in smaller tumors, without an increased risk of significant complications. Tumor size may not be a key factor in predicting successful outcomes of UAE.