Three-dimensional vector analysis of mandibular structural asymmetry
Zhengguo Piao ; Kyung-Ran Park ; Sang-Hwy Lee ; Jin Keun Seo ; Hyung-Seog Yu ; Moon-Key Kim ; Hyung-Seog Park
Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, Vol.41(4) : 338~344, 2013
Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
The three-dimensional (3D) asymmetric structure of the mandible makes it necessary to analyze both its size and angle. Currently the developing 3D analysis techniques are not able to perform the simultaneous linear and angular measurements. Our aim was to evaluate mandibular asymmetry using a vector-based system by constructing 3D vectors for the mandibular functional units.
MATERIAL AND METHODS:
We analyzed the 3D computed tomography images of normal control (N = 27) and asymmetric mandibles (N = 40). We created 3D vectors for the condylar, coronoid, body, gonial, and symphyseal functional units and compared the corresponding pairs of 3D vectors by calculating vector operations.
The vector difference and other vector components represented the individual 3D architectural pattern and severity of the asymmetric mandible. The body unit contributed most to mandibular asymmetry followed by the condylar unit.
The results indicate that 3D vector analysis can improve our understanding of the 3D architecture of asymmetric mandibles. This type of 3D vector analysis can be a useful tool for the comprehensive evaluation of its asymmetric mandibular structure.