To assess the diagnostic accuracy of random urine protein-creatinine (P/C) ratio for prediction of significant proteinuria in preeclampsia as an alternative to the time-consuming 24-hour urine protein collection.
Retrospective record analysis was performed on 140 pregnant women who were admitted with suspicion for preeclampsia from January 2006 to June 2011. Random urine protein and/or 24-hour urine protein levels were assessed and their correlation to random urine P/C ratio and 24-hour urine protein excretion was evaluated.
Out of 140 patients, random urine P/C ratio or/and 24-hour urine protein was performed in 79 patients to evaluate significant proteinuria. Of 79 patients, 46 (58%) underwent both tests whereas in 33 women (42%) 24-hour urine collection was not available due to urgent delivery. In 39 cases (85%), significant proteinuria (≥300 mg/24 hr) was detected with 6 cases (13%) having values over 5,000 mg/24 hr, corresponding to the diagnosis of severe preeclampsia. Random urine P/C ratio highly correlated with 24-hour urine protein excretion (r=0.823, P<0.01). The optimal random urine P/C ratio cutoff points were 0.63 and 4.68 for 300 mg/24 hr and 5,000 mg/24 hr of protein excretion, respectively. with each sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of 87.1%, 100%, 100%, and 58.3%; and 100%, 85%, 50%, and 100%, for significant and severe preeclampsia, respectively.
Random urine P/C ratio is a reliable indicator of significant proteinuria in preeclampsia and may be better at providing earlier diagnostic information than the 24-hour urine protein excretion with more accuracy than the urinary dipstick test.