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Myocardial protection by glucose–insulin–potassium in acute coronary syndrome patients undergoing urgent multivessel off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery

Title
 Myocardial protection by glucose–insulin–potassium in acute coronary syndrome patients undergoing urgent multivessel off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery
Authors
 J.-K. Shim; S.-Y. Yang; Y.-L. Kwak; K.-J. Yoo; Y.-C. Yoo
Issue Date
2013
Journal Title
 British Journal of Anaesthesia
ISSN
 0007-0912
Citation
 British Journal of Anaesthesia, Vol.110(1) : 47~53, 2013
Abstract
BACKGROUND: The aim of this randomized and controlled trial was to investigate the effect of a glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK) solution on myocardial protection in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients undergoing urgent multivessel off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery. METHODS: Sixty-six patients were randomly allocated either to receive 0.3 ml kg(-1) h(-2) GIK solution (potassium 80 mEq and regular insulin 325 IU in 500 ml of 50% glucose) or equivalent volume of normal saline (control) upon anaesthetic induction until 6 h after reperfusion. The primary endpoints were to compare the concentrations of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and troponin-T between the groups after reperfusion. The secondary endpoints were to compare the incidences of postoperative troponin-T >0.8 ng ml(-1) and myocardial infarction (MI) between the groups. RESULTS: Highest CK-MB [8.7 (4.4) vs 13.1 (7.9) ng ml(-1), P=0.006] and troponin-T [0.20 (0.13-0.49) vs 0.48 (0.18-0.91) ng ml(-1), P<0.0001] values after reperfusion were significantly lower in the GIK group compared with the control group. The area under the curve of serially measured troponin-T was also significantly smaller in the GIK group compared with the control group [0.83 (0.43-1.81) vs 0.46 (0.31-1.00), P=0.036]. Significantly fewer patients in the GIK group showed troponin-T >0.8 ng ml(-1) after reperfusion compared with the control group (3 vs 11, P=0.033). The incidence of postoperative MI was similar between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: GIK administration in ACS patients undergoing urgent multivessel OPCAB significantly attenuated the degree of ensuing myocardial injury without complications related to glycaemic control. Clinical Trial Registry. URL: http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01384656?term=GIK+AND+OPCAB&rank=1. Unique identification number NCT01384656.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/86265
DOI
10.1093/bja/aes324
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery
Yonsei Authors
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