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Diffusion-weighted image and MR spectroscopic analysis of a case of MELAS with repeated attacks

Title
Diffusion-weighted image and MR spectroscopic analysis of a case of MELAS with repeated attacks
Authors
Hyun Sook Kim;Dong Ik Kim;Yong Kyu Yoon;Seung Hyung Kim;Eun Ju Kim;Pyeong Ho Yoon;Jong Doo Lee;Chulhee Choi;Eun Kee Jeong;Byung In Lee
Issue Date
2001
Journal Title
Yonsei Medical Journal
ISSN
0513-5796
Citation
Yonsei Medical Journal, Vol.42(1) : 128~133, 2001
Abstract
We report the clinical and MR manifestations of an 18 year-old girl with mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome. Recurrent status epilepticus caused reversible cytotoxic edema on diffusion-weighted images (DWI). Initial and one month follow-up MR spectroscopy, after seizure control, showed some discrepancies in the ratio of metabolites. N-acetylaspartate (NAA) partially recovered (NAA/creatine (Cr) ratio: 1.27→1.84). This was because of a normalization of decreased NAA due to cellular dysfunction as a result of status epilepticus. A low ratio of NAA/Cr due to abnormal mitochondria remained in the decreased state. Reversible NAA/Cr ratios in the acute lesion suggested that NAA reflects the neuronal function as well as the level of neuronal structural damage. The altered NAA/Cr ratio better correlated with the abnormal signal intensity area of T2-weighted images (T2WI) and DWI than the lactate (Lac)/Cr ratio. With conservative treatment with anti-epileptics not accompanied by coenzyme Q or sodium dichloroacetate, lactate persistently increased (Lac/Cr ratio: 1.01→1.21) because of the continued production of lactate in cells with respiratory deficiency, which is the main pathology of MELAS.
URI

http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/142443
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Neurology
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Radiology
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Nuclear Medicine
Yonsei Authors
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