BACKGROUND/AIMS: In the UICC staging system, stage IV contains not only those patients with distant metastasis but also patients with far-advanced T and N status but without distant metastasis. We investigated the prognostic factors of stage IV gastric carcinoma patients, without distant metastasis after curative resection and the role of surgery. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and ninety stage IV gastric carcinoma patients, without distant metastasis were reviewed after curative resection in our hospital from January 1987 to December 1996.
RESULTS: Male sex, distal third location, diffuse or infiltrative type and histologically undifferentiated type were common. Of the 190 patients, 52 (27.4%) patients lived more than 3 years. The lymph node ratio (positive lymph node/retrieved lymph node) and combined resection independently affected survival (P = 0.0013, 0.0061, respectively). The perigastric lymph node ratio was well correlated with overall lymph node ratio (r = 0.794, P < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: With the involvement of an adjacent organ and knowing the perigastric lymph node ratio, the surgeon can decide upon the extent of dissection and postoperative treatment. However, a prospective study is warranted.