Corrosion Resistance and Metal Ions Release Properties of the Orthodontic Super Stainless Steel Wire and Bracket
Journal of the Korean Research Society for Dental Materials (대한치과기재학회지)
Journal of the Korean Research Society for Dental Materials (대한치과기재학회지), Vol.28(4) : 297~308, 2001
Metallic orthodontic appliances are known to release metal ions in an oral cavity. It is not advisable that toxic corrosion products derived from the appliances is absorbed into the body. Metal ions release from orthodontic appliances is known to have large effects on the result of orthodontic treatment and systemic health. Metal bracket and wire made of super stainless steel(S32050) with high corrosion resistance. The corrosion resistance and ion release property of S32050 and conventionally used appliances were examined. Four types of wire were ligated in either super stainless steel(SB) or Tomy bracket(TB) with O-ring, and then each group was immersed in an artificial saliva at 37℃ for 12 weeks. Amount of released metal ions was measured with immersion time by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy and surface morphology was investigated. S32050 showed the low passive current density of about 1 μA/㎠ and the stable passive region to a high potential in artificial saliva. S32050 appliances did hardly release nickel ions in artificial saliva. S32050 were(SRW) and NiTi wire(NW) didn't show significant difference of Ni ion release with immersion time, meanwhile, Remanium wire(RW) showed significant difference in 12 weeks. Ni ion released from the brackets didn't show any significant difference with immersion time and between SB and TB. Amounts of Ni ion released from TB-SRW showed significant difference in 12 weeks, those from TB-RW showed significant difference from 4 weeks later and highest release among all groups in 12 weeks. TB-NW released little Ni ion for all immersion time and showed significant difference from 4 weeks later, TB-TW(TMA wire) showed significant difference in 12 weeks. SB-SRW didn't show any
significant difference and SB-RW showed significant difference in 12 weeks, but lower compared with TB group. SB-NW and SB-TW didn't show any significant difference. Corrosion products didn't be observed in mostly groups during the immersion time, except that in TB-RW, they were observed on the bracket surface between O-ring and wire from 8 weeks later. Super stainless steel wire had good corrosion resistance compared with stainless steel wire, and it is believed that it can be used as orthodontic material for bracket and wire.