Bcl-2 blocks cisplatin-induced apoptosis by suppression of ERK-mediated p53 accumulation in B104 cells
Sun Ah Park ; Hyun Jin Park ; Kyeong Sook Choi ; Seung U Kim ; Yong Ho Ahn ; Byung In Lee
Molecular Brain Research, Vol.93(1) : 18~26, 2001
Molecular Brain Research
Bcl-2 has been reported to inhibit neurotoxicity induced by cisplatin. However, neither the mechanism of cisplatin-induced neurotoxicity nor the mechanism by which Bcl-2 confers neuroprotection is clear. In this study, the signaling pathways involved in cisplatin-induced neurotoxicity were examined using a rat neuroblastoma cell line, B104. Treatment of B104 cells with cisplatin induced apoptosis, accompanying the accumulation of p53 and Bax protein. Interestingly, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) activities of MAP kinases were markedly enhanced prior to cisplatin-induced accumulation of p53 and Bax. Inhibition of ERK1/2 activities using PD98059, a selective MEK inhibitor, blocked the apoptotic cell death preventing cisplatin-induced accumulation of p53 and Bax. These results suggest that ERK mediates cisplatin-induced p53 activation to trigger apoptosis in B104 cells. Overexpression of Bcl-2 in B104 cells resulted in the complete resistance to cisplatin-induced apoptosis blocking ERK activation and the subsequent signaling pathway of p53. Our study clearly demonstrates that the action site of Bcl-2 localizes upstream of ERK in cisplatin-induced apoptotic signaling pathway.