Selective posterior rhizotomy in children with cerebral palsy: a 10-year experience
Dong-Seok Kim ; Joong-Uhn Choi ; Chang-Il Park ; Kook-Hee Yang
Childs Nervous System, Vol.17(9) : 556~562, 2001
Childs Nervous System
We reviewed our 10-year experience of selective posterior rhizotomy (SPR), with an emphasis on surgical outcome concentrated on improvements in functional ability and adverse effects. We had performed SPR in 208 patients between 1990 and 1999. All patients showed an overall improvement (over 95%) in spasticity, passive range of motion, and gait pattern. Preoperative ambulatory functional level and age were very important predictive factors for further improvements in postoperative functional ability. Compared with the younger children, the older ones lacked a full range of motion preoperatively, and they continued to lack a full range of motion postoperatively, despite the decrease in tone achieved by SPR. Most postoperative complications such as hypotonia, urinary retention, spinal deformities, and sensory changes were temporary and not functionally important. We conclude that SPR is an effective method of alleviating spasticity and provides lasting functional benefits at acceptable complication levels in spastic children with cerebral palsy.