Korean Journal of Microbiololgy, Vol.37(2) : 109~113, 2001
As the complete genomic sequences accumulate, the use of global techniques became possible. DNA microarray is a powerful technology for measuring global mRNA levels. This method, however, does not provide information on post-translational modifications of proteins. In addition, mRNA levels do not strictly correlate with protein concentrations, especially for lower-abundance proteins. Therefore, studies at the level of transcription are not sufficient to understand cellular activity. Proteomic techniques to analyze protein expression and function at the large-scale have been developed and used. This review introduces a simple explanation for proteomic analysis and examples of how proteomics is applied in cell biology.