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The Effects of an Extract of Atractylodes Japonica Rhizome, SKI3246 on Gastrointestinal Motility in Guinea Pigs

Title
The Effects of an Extract of Atractylodes Japonica Rhizome, SKI3246 on Gastrointestinal Motility in Guinea Pigs
Authors
Jae Jun Park;Nu Ri Chon;Hyojin Park;Young Ju Lee
Issue Date
2015
Journal Title
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility (대한소화관운동학회지)
ISSN
2093-0879
Citation
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility (대한소화관운동학회지), Vol.21(3) : 352~360, 2015
Abstract
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There are limited therapeutic options available for irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D). We tested the effects of Atractylodes japonica rhizome, a perennial plant native to North Asia, on both upper and lower gastrointestinal (GI) motility in guinea pigs. METHODS: The extract of A. japonica rhizome was administered orally at different doses to test its effects on upper GI motility as determined from charcoal transit in native guinea pigs and in guinea pigs pretreated with thyrotropin-releasing hormone or mustard oil. Regarding its effect on lower GI motility, the removed guinea pig colon was suspended in a chamber containing Krebs-Henseleit solution and the transit time of artificial feces was measured with various dilutions of the extract. As for in vivo assay, weight and number of fecal pellets expelled were determined under the same drug preparation used in upper GI motility experiment. RESULTS: The extract of A. japonica rhizome had no significant effect on upper GI motility in either normal or altered physiological states. However, the extract increased colonic transit time in the in vitro model. In the fecal expulsion study, the cumulative weight and number of pellets did not differ significantly between the control group and groups treated with the extracts. In the animals pretreated in vivo with thyrotropin-releasing hormone, however, the weight and number of fecal pellets were sig-nificantly decreased in animals treated with 300 mg/kg and 600 mg/kg doses of extract. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the extract of A. japonica rhizome can be a potential agent for IBS-D.
URI

http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/141704
DOI
10.5056/jnm14112
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Internal Medicine
Yonsei Authors
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