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급성 중독 환자에서 지질 유탁액 정맥투여의 효과: 체계적 고찰

Title
 급성 중독 환자에서 지질 유탁액 정맥투여의 효과: 체계적 고찰
Other Titles
 Effect of Intravenous Lipid Emulsion in the Patient with Acute Poisoning : A Systematic Review
Authors
 명진우; 고동률; 정성필; 유제성; 주영선; 공태영
Issue Date
2015
Journal Title
 Journal of the Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology (대한임상독성학회지)
ISSN
 1738-1320
Citation
 Journal of the Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology (대한임상독성학회지), Vol.13(1) : 1~10, 2015
Abstract
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of intravenous lipid emulsion as well as adverse events in acute poisoning patients. Methods: Literature was accessed through PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, Web of science, and KoreaMed. All forms of literatures relevant to human use of intravenous lipid emulsion for acute poisoning were included. Cases reports or letters without description of clinical outcomes for each case were excluded. The literature search was conducted by two investigators in March, 2015, with publication language restricted to English and Korean. The effect, onset time, and adverse event of lipid emulsion and final outcome of each case were analyzed. Results: Eighty-one published articles were included, excluding articles whose title and abstract were not relevant to this study. No articles were classified as high level of evidence. Sixty-eight case reports were identified, consisting of 25 local anesthetics and 43 other drugs, such as tricyclic antidepressants and calcium channel blockers. Although most cases described significant clinical improvements, some of them showed no beneficial effect or worsening of clinical course. Several adverse events including hyperamylasemia and laboratory interference were reported. Conclusion: Although there were many case reports illustrating successful use of lipid for various drug poisonings, the effect cannot be estimated due to significant possibility of publication bias. Therefore, lipids might be considered in severe hemodynamic instability resulting from lipophilic drug poisoning, however further studies should follow to establish the use of lipid as the standard of care.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/141602
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Emergency Medicine
Yonsei Authors
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