Genetic association between VEGF polymorphisms and BRONJ in the Korean population.
H Choi ; JH Lee ; J-H Kim ; J-H Lee
Oral Diseases, Vol.21(7) : 866~871, 2015
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) polymorphisms and bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) in the Korean population.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty-five individuals (2 men, 43 women; mean age: 68.7 ± 12.3 years) were recruited for this study. All visited the Yonsei University Dental Hospital for surgical intervention from January 2012 to January 2013 and had a history of bisphosphonate (BP) administration (oral and/or intravenous). Patients were allocated to case (n = 26) or control (n = 19) groups according to the patients' selection criteria. Association between three VEGF single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs699947 (-2578 C>A), rs2010963 (-634 G>C) and rs3025039 (+936 C>T)) and BRONJ were investigated using multiple logistic regression analysis and Fisher's exact test where appropriate (α = 0.05).
RESULTS: The CC homozygotes of rs2010963 and rs3025039 of VEGF gene were associated with an increased risk of BRONJ (P = 0.04, 0.03, respectively). In haplotype analysis, no differences in haplotype C-C (-2578/-634) and haplotype C-C-C (-2578/-634/+936) were observed.
CONCLUSION: The CC homozygotes of rs2010963 and rs3025039 polymorphisms in the VEGF gene were associated with an increased risk of BRONJ in the Korean population. Further epidemiological cohort studies with a larger sample size would be required to confirm the suggestive correlations.