As a potent immune regulator, heat shock protein 70 derived from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb Hsp70) has adjuvant effect and activates immune cells such as macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs). Although Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are known to involve in DCs activation by Mtb Hsp70, there is still a controversy and the underlying mechanism is not well understood. In this study, we examined whether TRIF and MyD88, the core adaptor molecules for TLRs signaling, regulate Mtb Hsp70-induced DCs activation. Although Mtb Hsp70 produced substantial level of cytokines (IL-6, IL-12p40, and TNF-α) in TRIF-deficient DCs in a dose-dependent manner, each level was significantly lower than that in WT cells. The cytokines production was almost abolished in MyD88-deficient DCs. Consistent with cytokine results, Mtb Hsp70-induced activation of NF-κB and MAPKs was also impaired in both TRIF- and MyD88-deficient DCs, as compared with WT cells. Inhibitor assay revealed that NF-κB, ERK, and JNK, but not p38, regulate Mtb Hsp70-induced production of cytokines. In addition, the up-regulation of co-stimulatory molecules and MHC class II was mostly TRIF-dependent in DCs in response Mtb Hsp70, whereas MyD88 was only partially involved. Finally, mixed leukocytes reaction (MLR) assay revealed that both TRIF and MyD88 are critical for DCs ability promoted by Mtb Hsp70 to differentiate naïve T cells into effector T cells of producing IFN-γ. Our findings suggest that both TRIF and MyD88 are essential for the activation and maturation of DCs in response to Mtb Hsp70.