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Incidence, clinical presentation, and predictors of early neoatherosclerosis after drug-eluting stent implantation

Authors
 김병극 ; 김중선 ; 김충기 ; 신동호 ; 이승률 ; 장양수 ; 최동훈 ; 홍명기 ; 고영국 
Citation
 American Heart Journal, Vol.170(3) : 591~597, 2015 
Journal Title
 American Heart Journal 
ISSN
 0002-8703 
Issue Date
2015
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Compared with bare-metal stents, neoatherosclerosis reportedly develops earlier and more frequently after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. This study evaluated the incidence, clinical presentation, and predictors of early neoatherosclerosis after DES implantation. METHODS: Neointimal characteristics were evaluated in 449 patients (482 lesions) who underwent follow-up optical coherence tomography ≤12 months after DES implantation (median 9.1 months) and displayed a mean neointimal thickness >100 μm. Neoatherosclerosis was defined as neointima with the presence of lipid or calcification. RESULTS: Early neoatherosclerosis, defined as occurrence of neoatherosclerosis within 12 months after DES implantation, was observed in 31 lesions (6.4%). Compared with patients without early neoatherosclerosis, those with early neoatherosclerosis presented with a higher incidence of clinical symptoms (13% vs 57%, respectively; P < .001) and had undergone a higher frequency of target-lesion revascularization (9% vs 55%, respectively; P < .001) at the time of optical coherence tomography follow-up. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that independent predictors of early neoatherosclerosis were hypertension (odds ratio 3.20, 95% CI 1.32-7.78, P = .010) and pre-stent low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ≥130 mg/dL at the time of the index procedure (odds ratio 3.89, 95% CI, 1.62-9.36, P = .002). CONCLUSIONS: Early neoatherosclerosis was detected in 6.4% of DES-treated lesions with neointimal thickness >100 μm at a median of 9.1 months after DES implantation. The occurrence of early neoatherosclerosis was significantly associated with presentation of clinical symptoms. Independent predictors of early neoatherosclerosis were hypertension and high pre-stent low-density lipoprotein cholesterol at the time of the index procedure.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/141127
DOI
10.1016/j.ahj.2015.06.005
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Internal Medicine
Yonsei Authors
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Link
 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0002870315003750
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