A rare case of primary thymic adenocarcinoma mimicking small cell lung cancer
Chul Min Ahn ; Eun Na Cho ; Yoon Soo Chang ; Hyung Jung Kim ; Min Kwang Byun ; Tae Hoon Kim ; Hye Sung Park
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases, Vol.78(2) : 112~119, 2015
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Primary thymic adenocarcinoma is a very rare malignancy of the anterior mediastinum with no standardized treatment. A 36-year-old male patient presented with hoarseness over the past 3 months. A chest computed tomography (CT) scan showed an infiltrative mass to the proximal vessels and aortic arch in left upper mediastinum (4.1×3.1×5.4 cm). Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed focal lesions, suggesting metastasis in the left frontal lobe. A thoracoscopic biopsy of the mediastinal mass confirmed a primary thymic adenocarcinoma forming a glandular structure with atypia of tumor cells. The patient received four cycles of systemic chemotherapy, consisting of etoposide and cisplatin, with concurrent radiotherapy (6,000 cGy/30 fractions) to the mediastinal lesion and the metastatic brain lesion (4,200 cGy/12 fractions). A follow-up chest CT scan and brain MRI showed a decrease in the size of the left upper mediastinal mass and brain lesion. We report a rare case of the primary thymic adenocarcinoma with a literature review.