Comparison of Measurements and Clinical Outcomes After Wavefront-Guided LASEK Between iDesign and WaveScan
Ji Won Jung ; Byung Hoon Chung ; Taeim Kim ; Kyoung Yul Seo ; Eung Kweon Kim ; Sun Hyup Han
Journal of Refractive Surgery, Vol.31(6) : 398~405, 2015
Journal of Refractive Surgery
PURPOSE: To compare the measurements of refractive errors and ocular aberrations obtained using iDesign and WaveScan (Abbott Medical Optics, Inc., Santa Ana, CA), and to compare surgical outcomes of wavefront-guided LASEK using ablation profiles based on both aberrometers.
METHODS: Ninety myopic eyes of 45 normal patients were evaluated using both the iDesign and WaveScan to measure spherical and cylindrical errors, spherical equivalents, and Zernike coefficients of ocular aberrations. Wavefront-guided LASEK was performed in a different group of 59 eyes of 30 patients divided into two groups, the iDesign and Wavescan groups. The clinical outcomes between the two groups including uncorrected visual acuity, refractive errors, contrast sensitivity, and ocular aberration were compared at 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively.
RESULTS: The iDesign produced significantly higher myopic values for refractive errors than the WaveScan, as well as significantly lower levels of total higher order, third, fourth, and fifth order root mean square values and Zernike coefficients of vertical coma and spherical aberration. At postoperative 1, 3, and 6 months, there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in terms of uncorrected visual acuity and remaining refractive errors. The percentages of patients with spherical equivalents within ±1.00 and ±0.50 diopters of emmetropia were 100% (29 eyes) and 75.9% (22 eyes), respectively, in the iDesign group and 96.7% (29 eyes) and 70.0% (21 eyes), respectively, in the WaveScan group. Mesopic contrast sensitivity values were significantly higher, and the change in root mean square values for spherical aberration was significantly lower in the iDesign group.
CONCLUSIONS: There were significant differences between the iDesign and the WaveScan in the measurements of refraction and ocular aberrations. Wavefront-guided LASEK based on an ablation profile from the iDesign demonstrated comparable refractive predictability with the WaveScan group, resulting in minimal physician adjustment and superior postoperative visual quality.