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Association between Fibrinogen and Carotid Atherosclerosis According to Smoking Status in a Korean Male Population

Authors
 김병극 ; 김현창 ; 서일 ; 조혜민 
Citation
 Yonsei Medical Journal, Vol.56(4) : 921~927, 2015 
Journal Title
 Yonsei Medical Journal 
ISSN
 0513-5796 
Issue Date
2015
Abstract
PURPOSE: Although inconsistent, reports have shown fibrinogen levels to be associated with atherosclerosis. Accordingly, since cigarette smoking is associated with increased levels of fibrinogen and atherosclerosis, it may also affect the association between fibrinogen and atherosclerosis. We investigated the associations between fibrinogen and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) according to smoking status in a Korean male population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plasma fibrinogen levels were measured in 277 men aged 40-87 years without a history of myocardial infarction or stroke. High-resolution B-mode ultrasonography was used to examine the common carotid arteries. IMT level was analyzed both as a continuous (IMT-max, maximum value; IMT-tpm, 3-point mean value) and categorical variable (higher IMT; presence of plaque). Serial linear and logistic regression models were employed to examine the association between fibrinogen and IMT according to smoking status. RESULTS: Fibrinogen levels were positively associated with IMT-max (standardized β=0.25, p=0.021) and IMT-tpm (standardized β=0.21, p=0.038), even after adjusting for age, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, fasting glucose, and total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio in current smokers (n=75). No significant association between fibrinogen and IMT, however, was noted in former smokers (n=80) or nonsmokers (n=122). Adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence interval) for having plaque per one standard deviation higher fibrinogen level were 2.06 (1.09-3.89) for current smokers, 0.68 (0.43-1.10) for former smokers, and 1.06 (0.60-1.87) for nonsmokers. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that cigarette smoking may modify the association between fibrinogen and carotid atherosclerosis. Further studies are required to confirm this finding in different populations.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/140606
DOI
10.3349/ymj.2015.56.4.921
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Internal Medicine
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Preventive Medicine
Yonsei Authors
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