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Association of Demographic and Socioeconomic Factors With Risk Factors for Chronic Kidney Disease

Title
 Association of Demographic and Socioeconomic Factors With Risk Factors for Chronic Kidney Disease
Authors
 Tae Hyun Kim; Min Jee Lee; Jae Woo Choi; Euna Han; Ki Bong Yoo
Issue Date
2015
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Preventive Medicine (예방의학회지)
ISSN
 1975-8375
Citation
 Korean Journal of Preventive Medicine (예방의학회지), Vol.48(3) : 170~177, 2015
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to examine the association of various demographic and socioeconomic factors with risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: We used nationally representative pooled data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), 2007-2013. We estimated the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation. We defined CKD as a GFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m(2), and 1304 of the 45 208 individuals included in the KNHANES were found to have CKD by this definition. The outcome variable was whether individual subjects adhered to the CKD prevention and management guidelines recommended by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The guidelines suggest that individuals maintain a normal weight, abstain from alcohol consumption and smoking, manage diabetes and hypertension, and engage in regular exercise in order to prevent and manage CKD. RESULTS: This study found that individuals with CKD were more likely to be obese and have hypertension or diabetes than individuals without CKD. In particular, male and less-educated CKD patients were less likely to adhere to the guidelines. CONCLUSIONS: Although the prevalence of CKD, as indicated by the KNHANES data, decreased from 2007 to 2013, the prevalence of most risk factors associated with CKD fluctuated over the same time period. Since a variety of demographic and socioeconomic factors are related to the successful implementation of guidelines for preventing and managing CKD, individually tailored prevention activities should be developed.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/140600
DOI
10.3961/jpmph.15.002
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Preventive Medicine
1. 연구논문 > 4. Graduate School of Public Health > Graduate School of Public Health
Yonsei Authors
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