Diagnostic utility of interferon-gamma release assay in extrapulmonary tuberculosis
Jung Ar Shin ; Yoon Soo Chang ; Min Kwang Byun ; Chul Min Ahn ; Hyung Jung Kim
Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, Vol.82(1) : 44~48, 2015
Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Early diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EP-TB) is essential. However, diagnosis of EP-TB is difficult. We evaluated the diagnostic utility of an interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) in diagnosing active EP-TB among suspected patients in Korea. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of all patients with suspected EP-TB at Gangnam Severance Hospital in Seoul, Korea. Of the 418 patients with suspected EP-TB, 324 had active EP-TB. The tuberculosis (TB) group had a higher percentage of positive IGRAs (70.2%, 33/47) than the non-TB group (33.3%, 3/9) (P=0.034). The IGRA sensitivity and specificity were 70.2% (63.7-74.8%) and 66.7% (32.9-90.6%), respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of IGRAs in patients with TB lymphadenitis were 81.8% (61.4-90.4%) and 80.0% (35.1-98.9%), but 38.5% (31.2-45.7%) and 50.0% (2.7-97.3%) in patients with TB pleurisy. The diagnostic performance of IGRAs may vary depending on the site of EP-TB involvement. IGRA was potentially valuable for diagnosis of active EP-TB in TB lymphadenopathy.