Characterization of signaling pathways for immune response induced by a recombinant lipoprotein, IlpA of Vibrio vulnificus
Dept. of Medical Science/박사
Vibrio vulnificus is a pathogenic bacterium that causes primary septicemia, which follows a classical septic shock pathway including an overwhelming inflammatory cytokine response. V. vulnificus IlpA is a potent immunogenic lipoprotein that triggers cytokine production in human monocytes by activating the toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2). In this study, we further defined the IlpA signaling pathways involved in cytokine production in the human monocytic cell line, THP-1. TLR2 was involved in cytokine production by complexing with TLR1, but not TLR6. MyD88 was necessary for IlpA-induced cytokine expression through TLR1/2. Three mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs), p38, ERK1/2, and JNK, were activated in THP-1 cells stimulated with recombinant IlpA (rIlpA). Selective inhibition of each MAPK resulted in significant decrease of rIlpA-induced cytokine production. Especially, functional TLR2 was necessary for IlpA-induced activation of p38 and JNK. IlpA augmented the DNA-binding activity of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-B) and activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcriptional factors to their recognition sites in THP-1 cells. These results suggest that serial activation of TLR1/TLR2, MyD88, the three MAPKs, and NF-B/AP-1 comprises the signaling pathways responsible for proinflammatory cytokine production by V. vulnificus IlpA.