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HIV감염자와 폐결핵환자 간의 스트레스지각과 삶의 질의 비교

Title
HIV감염자와 폐결핵환자 간의 스트레스지각과 삶의 질의 비교
Other Titles
(The) comparison of perceived stress, psychopathology, quality of life between patients with HIV positive and patients with pulmonary tuberc
Issue Date
2002
Publisher
연세대학교 대학원
Description
의학과/석사
Abstract
[한글] 본 연구의 목적은 HIV감염자, 폐결핵환자, 정상인간에 스트레스지각과 삶의 질을 비교하는데 있다. 스트레스 지각 및 정신병리는 각각 스트레스 반응 척도(Stress Response Inventory)와 간이정신진단검사(SCL-90-R)를, 삶의 질은 스미스클라인비참 삶의 질 척도(SmithKline Beecham Quality of Life Scale)를 이용하여 평가하였다. HIV감염자들이 폐결핵환자, 정상인들보다 스트레스반응 점수에 있어서는 긴장, 분노, 우울, 피로, 좌절 점수가 각각 유의하게 더 높았다. 정신병리에서는 HIV감염자들이 폐결핵환자, 정상인들보다 신체화, 우울, 불안, 적대감, 공포불안, 편집증, 정신증 하위척도 점수에서 각각 유의하게 더 높았다. 삶의 질의 비교에서는 HIV감염자군이 폐결핵환자군보다 삶의 질이 유의하게 더 낮았다. HIV감염자들은 연령이 낮을수록, 교육기간이 길수록 신체화, 강박증, 대인민감성, 공포불안, 편집증, 정신증 등 정신병리 점수가 더 높았다. 이상의 결과들은 HIV감염자들이 폐결핵환자들과 정상인들에 비해 스트레스지각이 더 높고 더 많은 정신병리를 가지고 있으며 삶의 질이 저하되어 있음을 시사한다.
[영문] The object of this study was to compare perceived stress and quality of life among patients with HIV infection, patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and normal controls/Stress response inventory(SRI) and Symptom checklist 90-Revised(SCL-90-R) were used to measure perceived stress responses and psychopathology. Smithklein Beecham quality of life scale was used to measure quality of life. Patients with HIV infection scored significantly higher on scores of tension, anger, depression, fatigue and frustration subscale of the SRI than those with pulmonary tuberculosis and normal controls. Scores of the SCL-90-R, somatization, depression, anxiety, hostility, phobic anxiety, paranoid ideation and psychoticism subscale were also significantly higher in patients with HIV infection than those with pulmonary tuberculosis and normal controls. Patients with HIV infection scored significantly lower in quality of life than those with pulmonary tuberculosis. In patients with HIV infection, age had a significantly negative correlation with scores of somatization, obsessive-compulsive, interpersonal sensitivity, phobic anxiety, paranoid ideation and psychoticism subscale of the SCL-90-R. but the level of education had a significantly positive correlation with somatization, obsessive-compulsive, interpersonal sensitivity, phobic anxiety, paranoid ideation and psychoticism subscale of the SCL-90-R. The results suggest that patients with HIV positive were likely to have higher levels of perceived stress response and psychopathology, and lower quality of life than those with pulmonary tuberculosis and normal controls
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http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/128012
Appears in Collections:
2. 학위논문 > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > 석사
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