(A) study on the incidence of dental caries leprosy patients and their children
The main purpose of this study was to detact correct dental health including incidence of dental caries and D.M.F. rate in leprosy patients and their children. The author also compared the data of leprosy patients and their children with that of healthy people.
The author has studied the prevalence of dental caries and D.M.F. rate and average number of present teethy of leprosy patients and their children according to World Health Organization criteria.
650 leprosy patients (319 male and 331 female) and 252 children (121 male and 131 female) were examined aged from 6 to 78.
The result are as follows:
1. among 650 leprosy patients, 552 have at least one carious tooth.
Prevalence of dental caries is 84.92 ± 1.40 per cents, 81.50 ± 2.17 per cent in male and 88.22 ± 1.77 in female.
The prevalence of dental caries of leprosy patients is higher than that of healthy people.
2. Average number of decayed, missing of filled teeth is 4.20 ± 0.13 teeth, 10.04 ± 0.66 teeth and 1.04 ± 0.12 teeth per mouth.
3. Average present number of teeth is 20.54 ± 0.88 teeth in male and 18.62 ± 0.53 teeth in female.
Average number of teeth per mouth of leprosy patients is less than that of healthy people.
4. Among 252 children, 223 have at least one carious tooth.
Prevalence of dental caries is 88.49 ± 2.09 per cent, 88.43 ± 2.91 per cent in male and 88.55 ± 2.78 in female.
Dental caries prevalence of the children of leprosy patient have no remarkable difference compared to normal children of healthy people.
5. Average present number of deciduous teeth is 12.36 ± 0.42 teeth in male and 12.07 ± 0.44 teeth in female.
Average present number of permanent teeth is 10.98 ± 0.65 teeth in male and 11.92 ± 0.46 teeth in female.