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해외여행객의 콜레라에 대한 인지도

Other Titles
 Perceptions of oversea travelers on cholera 
Issue Date
1997
Description
역학 및 질병관리학과/석사
Abstract
[한글] 최근 해외여행자의 수가 크게 늘고 있으면서 여행지역이나 목적도 다양해지고 있어서 여행객들이 현지 풍토병에 걸려 국내에 유입되어 전파될 위험이 커지고 있다. 본 연구는 콜레라 오염지역으로 여행하는 승객이 여행전에 콜레라 유행지역 인지에 대한 인지정도를 알아보고, 콜레라 유생지역으로 인식한 경우에 콜레라 예방을 위한 행태를 알아보기 위하여 이 연구를 실시하였다. 본 연구의 대상으로는 현재 콜레라 검역을 실시하고 있는 동남아 6개지역인 태국, 말레이시아, 필리핀, 인도네시아, 인도와 베트남으로 출발하는 내국 항공기의 대한항공 11개 여객기와 아시아나항공 7개 여객기의 한국인 승객을 대상으로 하고 1997년 4월25일부터 4월30일까지 자기기입식 설문서로 자료수집을 실시하였다. 설문지의 배부와 회수는 서울을 출발하여 목적지에 도착하기 전에 기내 승무원을 통해서 실시되었으며, 총 900매의 설문지중 회수된 설문지의 응답을 끝까지 완료하지 않은 것을 제외한 841명을 분석대상으로 자료를 분석한 결과 다음과 같은 결과를 얻었다. 조사대상자의 일반적 특성 중 성별분포는 남성이 66.8%로 여성보다 더 많았고, 연령은 30대가 34.9%, 학력은 대졸이 45.4%, 결혼상태에 따라 기혼자가 76.1%, 직업은 전문직이 24.4%였다. 여행지역이 콜레라 유행지역임을 알고 있는 응답자는 대상자 841명중 49.1%였다. 일반적 특성에 따라 연령층은 20-30대에서 가장 높았으며 고연령층에서, 학력은 중졸이하에서, 직업은 사업에서, 결혼상태에서는 미혼에서 각각 낮았다. 여행력에 따라 방문국은 인도네시아가, 해외여행의 빈도와 이번 여행지의 빈도는 각각 2회이상 여행에서, 여행목적은 사업에서 각각 콜레라 유행지역에 대한 인식이 낮았다. 콜레라에 대한 지식 총점수는 유행지역이라고 알고 있는 군이 3.85±0.87, 유행지역이 아니라고 알고 있는 군이 3.89±0.89로서 큰 차이가 없으며, 콜레라에 대한 인식 총점수는 유행지역이라고 알고 있는 군이 6.75±1.69, 유행지역이 아니라고 알고 있는 군이 6.68±1.76로서 약간 차이가 있으나 통계학적으로 유의하지 않았다. 로지스틱 회귀분석 결과 콜레라 유행지역의 인지정도에 영향을 미치는 요인은 연령과 여행목적이었으며 연령이 증가할수록 인식이 낮았으며 여행목적은 관광에 비해 사업으로 여행하는 여행객의 인식이 낮았다. 여행전에 여행지가 콜레라 유행지역으로 인지 했을 때 콜레라 예방을 위한 형태로는 '아무런 조치를 취하지 않았음'에 49.4%, '콜레라를 예방하기 위한 지식이나 정보를 알아보았음'에 32.2%, '콜레라에 대한 비상 약품을 준비하였음'에 7.0%로 조사되었다. 결론적으로 본 연구대상자들은 여행지역이 콜레라 유행지역이라는 사실을 50%이상이 모르고 여행을 하고 있고, 알고 있다고 하여도 콜레라 예방을 위해 아무런 조치를 취하지 않고 여행하는 여행자가 50%이상이었다. 콜레라 유행지역에 대한 인지도를 높이기 위하여 바람직한 홍보와 예방을 위한 보건교육의 내용 및 방법이 개발되어야 함을 알 수 있었다.
[영문] Recently with the increasing number of overseas travelers and also with the diversification of traveling areas and purpose the potential for travelers to introduce some kinds of endemic diseases into their home country has been enlarged. In that regard, this study intended to find out whether the passengers who travel to any of the cholera-endemic areas of Southeast Asia knew the danger of exposure to cholera of their bodies in such areas, if they are aware of cholera, and in the case that they knew well of the potential for them to be contaminated by cholera, what they did in order to prevent cholera. For such a study, some of the Korean passengers on board of national-airlines bound to 6 areas of Southeast Asia-i.e., Tailand, Malaysia, Philippines, Indonesia, India, and Vietnam, namely the travelers of 11 Korean Airlines flights and 7 Asiana airlines flights, were interviewed and requested to answer on questionnaires. The period of data collection through questionnaires was from April 25 to April 30, 1997. Data collection was done through the crews serving on board of the airplanes. They distributed the questionnaires to the passengers in the airplane and collected the answered questionnaires before landing. Nine hundred questionnaires were distributed and collected, however only 841 were thought to be sufficient for analysis and were studied. The findings are as follows: Regarding the sex, age, educational background, and marital status of the passengers who provided the necessary data for this study, it appeared that male passengers outnumbered female passengers by a rate of 66.8%; The passengers in the age group of thirties represented 34.9% of the total number of passengers; 45.4% of the total passengers were university graduates, and married passengers represented 76.1% of the total passengers. Regarding their awareness and recognition of cholera I their travelling areas, it appeared that 413 passengers(49.1%) among the 841 passengers knew well the danger of cholela in the areas where they wre travelling. Regarding the traveler's recognition of areas endemic for cholera, it appeared that the older they were the less they recognized the danger of cholera in a region; those of middle school educational level, those who have their own business in their profession and those who were married recognized it less. Also, it appeared that the group of travelers who visit Indonesia and travel for over a week showed less recognition of it; and those who travel a certain cholera-endemic region for over two times and those who travel for business showed less recognition of it. There was no statistical difference in the knowledge on cholera according to recognition of areas endemic for cholera. Also there was no statistical difference in the knowledge on the prevention of cholera according to recognition of areas endemic for cholera. Total score on knowledge received by travelers who know that cholera was pervailing in the region where they were travelling had 3.85±0.87(mean±SD), and the score for travelers who did not know that cholera was prevailing in the region where they were travelling had 3.89±0.89(mean±SD). In the result of Logistic Regression Analysis, it appeared that the factors which affect the traveller's recognition of areas endemic for cholera were 'age' and 'the purpose of travel'. Regarding the traveler's preventive means against cholera when they recognized the region where they are travelling as areas endemic for cholera, it was inspected that 49.4% of travelers did nothing to prevent cholera; 32.2% of travelers did try to get information about cholera in the region they are travelling. In conclusion, this study showed that more than 50% of the subjects of this investigation did not recognize the region where they are travelling as a cholera-endemic region, and also that more than 50% of the subjects of this study did nothing to prevent themselves against cholera even though they knew the region where they were travelling was a cholera-endemic region. Finally, it is suggested that in order to heighten the awareness of the danger of cholera in the group of travelers who recognized it less, there should be a sound publicity about the prevention of cholera, and a sound method of health education should be developed and applied in the near future.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/125570
Appears in Collections:
2. 학위논문 > 4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 석사
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