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탄광부 진폐증자의 흡연실태 및 흉부방사선 사진 소견과 흡연 습관의 관련성에 관한 연구

Other Titles
 Smoking habits of coal workers' pheumoconiosis patients: their relationship to the findings of chest radiographs 
Issue Date
1989
Description
보건학과/석사
Abstract
[한글] 본 연구는 탄광부 진폐증자의 흡연 실태 및 흉부방사선 사진 소견상 진폐증의 진행정도와 흡연 습관의 관련성을 알아보고자 하였다. 조사 대상은 1986넌 5월부터 7월 사이에 진폐증 환자 전문 요양기관인 D 병원에 내원하여 진폐 정밀진단을 받은 사람 중 흉부방사선사진 소견상 진폐 의증 이상으로 판정된 남자 460 명이었다. 면접조사를 통하여 얻은 흉언 습관에 관한 자료와 방사선과 전문의가 판독한 자료를 이용하여 다음의 연구 결과를 얻었다. 1. 탄광부 진폐증자의 흡연율은 72 4% 였으며 과거흡연자는 17.0%, 비흡연자는 10.7%로 흡연 경험자는 89.3%였으며 흡연 경험자의 흡연 중단율은 19.O%였다. 2. 과거흡연자의 금연 전 흡연량은 18.0 개피로 흡연자의 흡연량 14.5개피와 유의한 차이가 있었다(p<0.05). 3. 탄광부 진폐증자의 흉부방사선 사진 소견상 소음영의 크기는 흡연경험자의 흡연 중단율 및 흡연량과 유의한 상관 관계가 있었으려 음영의 크기가 클수록 흡연 중단율은 증가하였고 흡연량 감소하였다(흡연 중단율: beta= 0.19, 흡연량:beta=0.14). Smoking Habits of Coal Workers' Pneumoconiosis Patient: Their Relationship to the Findings of Chest Radiographs Jeong Pyo Hong Graduate School of Health Science and Management, Yonsei University (Directed by Professor Young Hahn Moon, M.D.) This study was performend to investigate smoking habits of coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) patients, and the relationships between smoking habits and types of radiographical findings of CWP patients. With detailed examination, 460 patients of profusion 0/1 or more advanced were selected from May to July in 1986. They were present or retired coal miners. Data of smoking habits were obtained by interview, and the findings of chest radiographs were evaluated by one radiologist. The results were as follows: 1. The percentage distribution of nonsmokers, smokers and ex-smokers in CWP patients by smoking habits were 10.7, 72.4, and 17.0 respectively. 2. There were significant difference in the number of cigarettes smoked per day between smokers and ex-smokers (smokers : 14.5±6.6, ex-smokers : 18.0±12.1 ; p<0.05). 3. The opacity sizes were significantly correlated with smoking quit rate and with the number of cigarettes smoked per day (smoking quit rate : beta=0.19 ; p<0.05, the number of cigarettes smoked per day : beta = 0.14 : p<0.01).
[영문] This study was performend to investigate smoking habits of coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) patients, and the relationships between smoking habits and types of radiographical findings of CWP patients. With detailed examination, 460 patients of profusion 0/1 or more advanced were selected from May to July in 1986. They were present or retired coal miners. Data of smoking habits were obtained by interview, and the findings of chest radiographs were evaluated by one radiologist. The results were as follows: 1. The percentage distribution of nonsmokers, smokers and ex-smokers in CWP patients by smoking habits were 10.7, 72.4, and 17.0 respectively. 2. There were significant difference in the number of cigarettes smoked per day between smokers and ex-smokers (smokers : 14.5±6.6, ex-smokers : 18.0±12.1 ; p<0.05). 3. The opacity sizes were significantly correlated with smoking quit rate and with the number of cigarettes smoked per day (smoking quit rate : beta=0.19 ; p<0.05, the number of cigarettes smoked per day : beta = 0.14 : p<0.01).
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/117398
Appears in Collections:
2. 학위논문 > 4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 석사
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