(A) study of the curriculum development of collegiate nursing education in Korea
[영문]The Purpose of collegiate nursing education in to cultivate professional nurse with adequate capabilities and this requires not only specialized knowledge but broad general knowledge, competent technical ability and qualities of leadership.
In order to known if these qualifications are being met it is necessary to evaluate the formation and management of the curriculum.
Since the purpose of this particular study was to obtain fundamental data that would help to promote and develop process of collegiate nursing education in Korea, the various applicable principles needed to formulate adequate curriculum were reviewed in various documentary research articles related to the educational process. It was confirmed, however, that it is necessary to use the scientific method rather than traditional patterns or subjective ideas in order to obtain fresh concepts in relation to the development, of the educational process, the
changes in educational philosophy, the nature of nursing, the social responsibilities of collegiate nursing education, the concern for individual student needs, the educational methods and educational evaluation.
In order to grasp the general educational practices of collegiate nursing in our universities, information was collected through various methods such as social catalogues, questionaries and interview. First of all, questionaries were sent to professors of nursing, in each university with a nursing department. Then questionaires were sent to student nurse in these schools, in the sophomore, junior and senior years, since they had already had considerable experience in the clinical practice of nursing.
Thirty questionaries for professors and 267 questionaries for students were sent respectively on November 18, and on December 4, 1965, 25 of the professor's questionaries were returned and 244 of the student's questionaries were duly received.
As a result of analizing the data collected, it was found that, most students chose to major in nursing because they felt it might be useful and necessary to their future home life (50.9%) ; they wanted to have an opportunity to study humanities as electives (89.8%), and the main problem which student nurse
encountered appeared to be difficulties in relation to their interpersonal relationships (42.7%). And also they agreed to an extent that their clinical experience should be supervised by professors of nursing. As a matter of fact, it was the prevailing opinion, that the professors' inadequate clinical supervision
was mainly attributed to the professor's excess workload consisting of lectures, and other duties.
Professors and they also recognized that appraisment of clinical experiences of students are often to be biased.
In view of the findings of this study regarding the educational process and its principles of formation above, a few suggestions have been made regarding the development of the curriculum for Korean nursing education.