생후 1년내의 감염 종류, 빈도와 출생시 제 조건과의 관계에 대한 일 연구 : 미숙아를 중심으로
(A) study on the relationship between the incidence of infections and the physical conditions and the socioeconomic factors at birth during the first year : with special
In spite of recent developments in Nursing care pre(??)du dures toward premature babies which contributed in reducing the infants mortality as well as morbidity by introducing preventive measures in this period, high mortality and morbidity rates among premature babies are still considered one of the health problems remained to be coped in the not only developed countries but also in developing countries.
The study was conducted with the following objectives;
1) To find out the difference between the full term and the premature babies in incidence of infections during the first year after birth,
2) To analysis the relationship between the incidence of infections and various physical conditions of premature infants at birth, and
3) To evaluate the effects of Socioeconomic factors of the parents toward the incidence of Infections of Premature infants.
For this study 100 full term babies and 100 premature babies were selected randomly from 1,192 babies(full term;980, premature;212_who were born at Y-hospital during the period of three years from April 1, 1970 to March 31, 1973, resistered
at the Well Baby Clinic and followed up for one year with five or more physical consultations by physicians. The babies who have congenital heart disease, disorders with chromosomes and hereditary disease were excluded.
The check list forms prepared for the study by the author were applied and the necessary information was collected from the medical records.
The results of the study were as follows;
1) Significant difference was observed in incidence of infections between two groups of full term and premature infants.
2) Various physical conditions at birth were not sufficient to explain the high incidence of infections of premature infants.
3) In the relationship between socioeconomic factors of the parents and the incidence of the premature infants the following results were noted;
a) There was no significant relationship statistically between mother's education and the incidence of infection of the premature infants, but a tendency that the premature infants of highly educated mothers had less incidence of infections.
b) There was statistically significant relationship between the experience of prenatal care of mothers and number of incidence of respiratory infection only, though such relationship was not observable with number of incidence of gastrointestinal and skin infections. A tendency that the premature infant of the mother who had prenatal care seemed to have less incidence if the infections.
c) There was not statistically significant relationship between for father's occupation and incidence of infections of the premature infants.